Pecans are widely known as a delicious source of fiber and over 19 vitamins and minerals. And more than that, a pecan tree nursery is a beautiful sight to behold. The trees grow large and lush, providing both the delicious pecans as well as refreshing shade.
But not all nuts are created equal. Most plants have a wide range of varieties with their own attributes. Pecans are no different. In fact, there are over 500 different kinds of pecans. These trees are split into two main varieties of trees in regards to their pollination schedule.
We’re not going to take the time to list and describe every type. This article would be far too long. Instead, let’s focus on a few of the most popular types of pecans.
Desirable pecan trees are considered to be one of the first products of what’s known as a “controlled cross.” This is when two different types of trees are intentionally cross-pollinated. The controlled cross for Desirable pecan trees was performed in the early 1900’s. It became widely distributed around 1928.
Desirable pecan trees produce large nuts and bring a high price when brought to market due to the fact that they are well-filled. It is known for its ability to provide consistent crops of high quality year after year. This is accomplished by only growing two to three nuts per cluster, which reduces the stress on the tree.
Cape Fear pecan trees are known for their ability to produce delicious nuts at a young age. These strong trees produce a deep taproot, making for a very sturdy tree. Cape Fear generally produces around 58 nuts per pound. The nuts themselves have a medium-to-thin shell, and are light in color. Cape Fear trees show a good resistance to pecan scab and a fair resistance to other leaf diseases.
Cape Fear pecan trees are of the Type 1 variety as far as pollination. This means it works well with both Elliott and Stuart pecan trees.
Moreland pecan trees are known for their ability to withstand threats that damage other varieties of trees. This includes a resistance to pecan scab and other leaf diseases. Moreland trees are also known for their ability to consistently produce large amounts of nuts.
The trees themselves appear quite dense. This is due to numerous and tightly-compacted leaves and nuts. These nuts are medium-sized with thick shells. Moreland trees work well together with Desirable pecan trees for pollination. Moreland produces somewhere around 55 nuts per pound.
Nacono pecan trees are known for producing large nuts of high quality. They grow large clusters of large nuts at an early age, which makes them great for producing a quick return. However, their average yield is not particularly high. The size of the nuts make up for the small yield, though. Nacono pecan trees show a tendency to produce alternate bearing as they continue to mature.
They show a moderate resistance to pecan scab and are a Type 2 pollinator, which means they are able to be pollinated by Desirable pecan trees.
Creek pecan trees are known for producing nuts at an early age and being adept at resisting diseases. They produce about 55 nuts per pound and do well in competition with surrounding trees.
Creek pecan trees are often used as productive but temporary trees while the surrounding pecan tree nursery matures. They do well in highly-dense situations. Creek pecan trees produce early in the fall which sets their nuts up for a good price at the market before competing trees are able to produce.
Stuart pecan trees are among the most popular varieties grown throughout the world. Their heratiness allows for them to be grown a bit further north than other pecan tree varieties. Other types of trees require upkeep such as pruning and training, but not Stuart pecan trees. These trees are more sturdy than other varieties. And while they are great producers when they reach a certain level of maturity, it can take a little while to get to that point. In fact, it takes anywhere from eight to ten years for Stuart pecan trees to reach the point of bearing nuts.
Stuart trees produce medium-sized nuts, which can equal out to about 52 nuts per pound. It is what’s considered a papershell pecan, but the shells are a bit thicker than other papershells.
Sumner pecan trees are known for producing fairly large nuts. These equate to about 54 nuts per pound. These trees are very resistant to pecan scab which has led to their popularity. However, black pecan aphids seem to be drawn to Sumner trees leading to them being the first in a pecan tree nursery to show signs of damage. These trees are a bit slower to produce nuts. This is shown in both the delay into maturity for production, as well as the crop coming later in the year.